Types of Plants The Four Major Classifications of Plants. Types of Plants. Non vascular Plants. Bryophytes. Bryophyte Examples. Vascular Plants. Pteridophytes. Pteridophyte Examples. Gymnosperms. Gymnosperm Examples. Angiosperms. Angiosperm Examples..There are , plants on Earth but we can simplify this diversity into these four groups. Land plants evolved about million years ago..The types of living plants today reflect the evolutionary past of the plant stems, and they are generally less than centimeters inches tall..The four types of plants. Botany has an image problem. Part of the issue is that it s perceived as possessing arcane and esoteric language, .Terms in this set Brynophytes. Mosses. Pteridophytes. Ferns. Gymnosperms. Conifers. Angiosperms. Flowering plants..Seedless nonvascular bryophytes, mosses, liverworts, hornworts Seedless vascular ferns Seeded vascular gymnosperms and angiosperms .Incidentally, learning about the types of plants also takes us on an stems, flower parts that grow in multiples of or , and are often woody..Fungi, plants, and animals are thought to have evolved from protoctist ancestors. The kingdom containing the most known species is the animal kingdom..